The outcome of stepwise AF demagnetization are recommended in dining table S1

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The outcome of stepwise AF demagnetization are recommended in dining table S1

The NRM intensities associated with samples diverse between 3.86 A— 10 a?’6 A/m and 5.72 A— 10 a?’3 A/m. For reference, the intensities of vacant sample holders ranged from 1.0 A— 10 a?’8 A/m to 1.0 A— 10 a?’7 A/m. The NRM ended up being around completely demagnetized in a highest industry of 60 mT and usually displayed two stable remanence guidelines (Fig. More often than not, a soft component was eliminated below 20 mT demagnetization and a lot of probably represents a magnetic overprint caused during sampling or a viscous remanent magnetization (Fig. S3(ma€“n)). Generally, a tough and steady part was also existing that decayed linearly towards beginning in the vector plots and ended up being entirely got rid of in an optimum AF demagnetization field of 60a€“80 mT. We understand this stable remanence given that characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM).


The sample sites into the Pacific sea and Southern China water happened to be located at reasonable to center latitudes into the Northern Hemisphere; for that reason, good, downward-directed desire beliefs of trials should suggest regular polarity. The topmost slice trials through the Fe-Mn crust typically yielded coherently good inclinations, suggesting the information of Brunhes typical polarity chron. In comparison, the Southwest Indian Ridge sampling website was at the Southern Hemisphere; consequently, unfavorable, upward-directed interest prices show regular polarity. Additionally, as the substrate rock ended up being most likely not lying horizontally, it’s important to mix the inclinations with the almost 180 degree change in comparative declination principles to approximate the magnetic polarity.

When it comes to 31 piece examples of Fe-Mn crust PO-01 through the Northwest Pacific, a secondary magnetization element was eliminated at 10 mT, and ChRM was remote between 12.5 mT and 60 mT. The ChRM for the piece sample from a depth of 0a€“2.52 mm contributed to an inclination of 61.6A° and a member of family declination of 219.6A° (dining table S1, Fig. S3(m)), while the trial from 2.94a€“3.94 mm lead to an inclination of a?’66.8A° and a family member declination of 59.8A° (Table S1, Fig. S3(letter)). ChRM guidelines exhibited both typical and reversed polarities that are approximately antipodal, recommending that they are a primary record of Earth’s magnetized area reversals (Fig. S3d). The mean inclination associated with the 31 slices ended up being 49.6A° (N = 31, a95 = 9.2A°), basically a little higher than the envisioned magnetized tendency (36.5A°) for the website latitude. Considering that the substrate rock ended up being perhaps not lying horizontally, the mean desire we received is considered appropriate.


The slices from Fe-Mn crust PO-01 record 8 normal and 7 reversed polarity zones (Figs 3A and 4A)parison with the geomagnetic polarity timescale (GPTS) 16 suggested listed here correlations (Fig. 4A): 0a€“2.52 mm, Brunhes regular chron (0a€“0.781 Ma); 2.94a€“14.3 mm, Matuyama stopped chron (0.781a€“2.588 Ma); a€“ mm, Gauss normal chron (2.588a€“3.506 Ma); a€“ mm, Gilbert reversed chron (3.596a€“6.033 Ma); a€“ mm, chron C3An (6.033a€“6.733 Ma); a€“ mm, chron C3Ar-C3Br (6.733a€“7.528 Ma); a€“ mm, chron C4n (7.528a€“8.10 Ma); and mm, the top border of chron C4r (8.75 Ma). On top of that, at a depth period of 7.42a€“8.42 mm may be the Olduvai regular subchron (1.778a€“1.945 Ma) around the Matuyama reversed chron (0.781a€“2.588 Ma). These outcome show an optimum period of 8.75 Ma the thickest Fe-Mn crust PO-01, through the Northwest Pacific.

Inclination and ple from the exterior of crust, as well as the noticed polarity zones. (A) trial PO-01 through the Pacific water; (B) trial IO-01 from Southwest Indian Ridge; (C) and (D) samples SCS-01 and SCS-02 from southern area China Sea. An interpreted polarity for every single slice was showed in the bottom regarding the diagram: normal polarity are noted in black colored, corrected polarity in white; the room involving the black colored squares and the white squares presents the loss during cutting. The distance for the black squares and white squares presents the thickness of slices corresponding into x-axis. The sectors express declination, and available groups portray interest.

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